This article contains a partial list of Philippine laws. The following table lists the Philippine laws that have been mentioned in Wikipedia or are of interest. Only laws passed by Congress and its previous organs are listed here; Presidential and other executive orders that might otherwise have the force of law are excluded for the purposes of this table. Note: For the sake of brevity, we use the word “laws” in this section to refer also to bills, resolutions, etc. The dictionary definition of “law” refers to “a rule of conduct or procedure established by custom, agreement or authority.” It is this general term that is used here. Please check with legitimate sources for more specific legal (or legal) definitions of these terms. The text of many Philippine laws can be found on the following pages: Philippine laws had different nomenclature designations at different points in Philippine history, as shown in the table below: The Supreme Court requires all aspiring lawyers to master the eight most important laws of the Philippines. The first of these laws is Political Law, which governs the relationship between citizens and the state, defines the extent of the Philippine territory, describes government structures, and determines how the legislature interacts with the executive and judicial branches, and vice versa. The Constitution defines the operation of principles such as separation of powers, separation of powers and coordination. (SPOT.ph) There are controversial laws – and then there are laws that are simply confusing. There are those who need a certain number of lawyers to interpret correctly, and there are those who are open to anyone misinterpreting.
There are laws that make us applaud the legislator who introduced them, and there are laws that make us laugh out loud or make us cringe in shame. Yes, we have legislators who make laws that make us say, “Where the hell does this come from?” Maybe their good intentions just don`t translate well. Ignorance of the law excuses no one, and many judges and officials have been dismissed for blatant ignorance of the law. That`s why many people believe that in a government of laws like ours, actors, boxers, folk singers, retired soldiers and policemen, rebels, and radio and television stars should not be elected senators and members of Congress. They are not lawyers, how can they make laws? That is their opinion. Mine is that we may be able to pick some of them to ensure that certain sectors are represented, but at least the majority should be studied in law or have a basic knowledge of the laws – how they are made, what their nuances, their letters, their spirit and everything. Most of the laws on this list date from 2004 to 2012. Fortunately, only a few of them were adopted. On the other hand, the fact that the legislator introduced them in the first place is quite troubling. The list also includes some “classics” – with provisions that seem to date back to the Middle Ages. We`re pretty sure there are even crazier laws out there, but so far, these are the ones we`ve dug up. Read them and cry.
In 2010, Representative Godofredo V. Arquiza introduced Bill No. 2010, “A Reward System for Deserving Filipino Drivers”. The law has pushed for a discount to be given to “good drivers” who renew their driver`s license. In his State of the Union address in July, President Rodrigo Duterte reiterated his call for Congress to reinstate the death penalty, including for drug-related offenses. At the end of the year, at least 24 bills to reinstate the death penalty were pending. The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) has adopted a resolution to provide technical assistance and capacity building to the government. The resolution did not respond to calls for stronger measures to address ongoing violations in the country. On 10 December, police arrested journalist Lady Ann Salem and six trade unionists during raids in Metro Manila for illegal possession of firearms and explosives. Human rights groups claimed the allegations were fabricated.
The creation of a committee to investigate cases of police involvement in killings, originally promised by the justice minister to the UN Human Rights Council, is of dubious benefit given the leading role of key authorities responsible for killings in the committee`s governance. In February, Senator Leila de Lima, a political prisoner, celebrated her third year in prison on politically motivated charges after attempting to investigate drug-related murders.  Also in February, a court issued arrest warrants for former senator and “war on drugs” critic Antonio Trillanes IV, activist priest Flaviano “Flavie” Villanueva, and nine others for plotting to riot. Five activists were arrested during raids by security forces in the city of Tacloban. 4. In June, the OHCHR published a report documenting “numerous systematic human rights violations” in the Philippines, including the killing of 208 human rights defenders and activists since 2015. Bill C-19, signed by President Duterte on March 24, criminalizes the dissemination of “false information” with up to two months in prison and a fine of 1 million pesos ($19,600). This law has been used to censor freedom of expression in cases brought against social media users, including journalists who criticized or even ridiculed the government`s response. What about junk food for the brain? Lito Lapid in the film Tatlong Baraha (1982). The film also has a 2006 remake starring Lapid and his sons.
The third is civil law, which includes the Family Code, property law, types of real estate acquisition, including inheritance, all contracts such as sale, mortgage, partnership, agency, pledge and loan. The fourth is criminal law, which defines the crime and imposes the corresponding penalties for murder, murder, parricide, infanticide, theft, estafa, forgery, embezzlement, forgery and crimes against national security such as treason, sedition, insurrection, etc. The fifth is commercial law, which includes private corporations, negotiable instruments, carriers or joint carriers, contracts of carriage, whether air, land or sea. In March this year, Businessworld Online reported that Senator Manuel “Lito” Mr. Lapid had introduced Senate Bill No. 3159, the Monthly Earth Hour Act of 2012. In the explanatory memorandum, Lapid said the bill aims to “raise awareness of climate change by requiring everyone to turn off their non-essential lights for an hour every last Saturday of the month.” Legal status: So far, there are no new updates to this law. Maybe he just doesn`t have enough weight. The good news is that there is no law that restricts common sense. Parents are free to think about how to prevent their children from experiencing the trauma of carrying “too heavy” school bags. In September, Facebook removed dozens of “fake accounts” used by state forces to spread government and military propaganda for “coordinated inauthentic behavior.” The accounts contained messages demonizing activists, accusing them of being communists or communist sympathizers and, in several cases, “terrorists.” In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been violations of the right to freedom of assembly.