There is an exception to marriage to both the Colorado Rape Act, C.R.S. 18-3-402, the crime of sexual assault of a child by a person in a position of trust, C.R.S. 18-3-405.3, and Colorado`s child prostitution laws. Although Colorado law recognizes common-law relationships entered into when both spouses are eighteen years of age or older, it does not recognize common-law relationships entered into after September 1, 2006, in Colorado or elsewhere if one of the spouses is under eighteen years of age. S.C.R. 14-2-109.5. (2) The actor commits sexual violence with a victim who is at least fourteen years of age but under sixteen years of age, and the actor is in a family, custody or official authority to force the victim to submit, or is older than the victim. However, a person may not be convicted of a violation of the provisions of this point if he is eighteen years of age or younger if he engages in consensual sexual acts with another person who is at least fourteen years of age. One of the tasks of this project was to compile state laws and reporting obligations. As can be seen from this paper, there are large differences between the laws and reporting obligations in different states.
This report contains the following two sections: The age of consent in Tennessee is 18. A near-age exception allows minors between the ages of 13 and 17 to engage in sexual penetration with partners under the age of 4. Sentences vary according to the age of the juvenile and the age difference between the juvenile and the offender. (See article 39-13-506.  Legal rape laws have evolved in line with reforms over the past 30 years. For example, the issue was raised during debates on social reform in the mid-1990s, when some lawmakers suggested that stricter enforcement of legal rape laws could help reduce teen pregnancy rates. Women won the election, but the double sexual standard that women fought against in the 19th century still exists and may be the last and best tool of patriarchy. The Age of Consent campaigns, which brought thousands of women into reform work and, ultimately, suffrage activism, show what is possible when women work together across racial, economic and ideological boundaries.
Gardener and her colleagues longed for the day when women would be recognized as “self-respecting human entities, leading themselves with brains and bodies sacred to them,” and the #MeToo movement continues this long tradition of activism today. Age of consent laws have always been difficult to follow and enforce: age-based legal norms were generally not common until the 19th century, as clear proof of the exact age and date of birth was often not available.  On June 26, 2003, heterosexual and homosexual sodomy (between consenting, non-commercial adults in a private room) became legal in all U.S. states, the District of Columbia and the territories under the U.S. Supreme Court decision Lawrence v. Texas.  In Staat v. Limon (2005), the Kansas Supreme Court used Lawrence as a precedent to repeal the state`s “Romeo and Juliet” law, which imposed harsher penalties for heterosexual acts than homosexual acts with a similar age of consent offenses.
 27 Although reporting requirements in many states relate to one or more state statutory rape laws, California is an exception in that the reporting requirements are contained in the same section of the statutes (the Criminal Code) as the criminal laws dealing with sexual activity involving minors. A common misconception about legal rape is that state codes define a single age at which a person can legally consent to sex. Only 12 states have a uniform age of consent, below which a person cannot consent to sexual intercourse under any circumstances, and above which it is legal to have sexual intercourse with another person beyond the age of consent. In Massachusetts, for example, the age of consent is 16. Suffrage organizations that were smaller and intended to appear dominant were less likely than the WCTU to openly advocate for age of consent reform (although individual sections contributed to the petition campaign), but the rights to “self-ownership” and “voluntary motherhood” remained fundamental goals. as historians Lauren MacIvor Thompson and Heather Munro Prescott have shown. They believed that women voters would usher in a new political era in which the needs of women and children would be at the forefront. Unfortunately, the suffragettes never repeated the interracial coalition that had briefly worked together to raise the age of consent. Major suffrage organizations, including NAWSA and the National Woman`s Party, discriminated against and portrayed African-American women working for election through black women`s clubs, churches, and civil rights organizations. States have two main objectives when responding to allegations of child abuse: (1) to ensure the health, safety and well-being of the child concerned, to take the necessary measures to prevent further harm, and (2) to investigate whether the reported abuse constitutes a criminal offence and, if so, to prosecute the perpetrators. The laws referred to in this report generally derive from two areas of State law.
 (C) The following are guilty of criminal sexual conduct with a third-degree minor if the actor is over fourteen years of age and intentionally and obstiently commits or attempts to commit an obscene or lascivious act on or with the body or parts of a child under sixteen years of age, with the intention of: to awaken, address or satisfy the desire to awaken, address or satisfy the sexual passions or desires of the actor or child. However, a person may not be convicted of a violation of the provisions of this paragraph if he is eighteen years of age or younger, if he acts in an obscene or lascivious consensual manner with another person who is at least fourteen years of age.  or (2) the victim was between 13 and 15 years of age and the perpetrator was more than four years older. (All other conditions for simple sexual assault do not affect the age of consent in New Jersey.) Puberty had some weight in Victorian politics as a “scientific” sign of maturity, just as it is today. In 1885, however, puberty statistics were certainly not simple or “objective” and were selectively used by activists to support arguments for reducing or raising the age of sexual consent (rather than necessarily informing). Those who wanted to maintain the age of sexual consent cited evidence that puberty often occurred early or “early,” while those who wanted to increase it pointed out that mental maturity came much later than 16, even for the “normal” girl. Puberty was also a complex and multifaceted subject, considered a long process with many stages and types of development, but only menarche (the first age of menstruation) was considered measurable. But also statistical studies on menarche have shown the variability of “normal” bodies.
The “normal” range of menarche turned out to be between 12 and 18 and differed depending on class, race, and possibly climate. In the nineteenth century, as puberty was increasingly recognized as a very varied and long phase of life, it became more difficult to systematically apply puberty statistics to the two-tiered law on sexual consent. In traditional societies, the age of consent to sexual union is a matter of family or tribal custom.